The date of Chinese New Year, in different dynasties. Xia dynasty in January, at the beginning of shang dynasty at the beginning of December, Zhou Chaoding in November, at the beginning of the qin dynasty was set for October the first. To the beginning of the western han dynasty (104 BC), of the first year of emperor accepted sima qian and others recommend the use of "the beginning calendar", restored a summer is the lunar calendar, for the first month and at put 24 solar terms in a calendar. Later dynasties, though a modification about calendar, but basically still in "the beginning calendar", in a summer Meng Chun for the beginning of the first, the first day for New Year's day, the first lunar month ganjitsu, namely, the first day of the New Year.
After xinhai revolution in 1911, the qing rule was overthrown, sun yat-sen set up the government of the republic of China in nanjing. Provinces DouDuFu representatives held a meeting in nanjing, to discuss the calendar. Reached at the meeting "line a summer, so the suitable season; from the western, so statistics" consensus, decided to use the Gregorian calendar, the calendar on January 1, custom-built "New Year", the first lunar month is called "Spring Festival", but has not officially named and promotion. On September 27, 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese people's political consultative conference by using "Gregorian calendar dating method", the Gregorian calendar on January 1 as the "New Year's day", must be known as the "Spring Festival" at the beginning of the day of the first lunar month and the Spring Festival holiday three days, let people warmly celebrate the lunar New Year.
In the course of two thousand years of history, our country has experienced germination, finalize the design, the New Year custom fission, transformation of the development process.